In her memory, he wrote 'Épitaphe', which according to pianist Graham Johnson was "a profound song in every sense”. Émile and his two brothers were joint owners of Poulenc Frères, a successful manufacturer of industrial chemicals. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. He chose to create a modern version of the classical French fête galante, writing ‘Les biches’. Francis Poulenc, (born Jan. 7, 1899, Paris, France—died Jan. 30, 1963, Paris), composer who made an important contribution to French music in the decades after World War I and whose songs are considered among the best composed during the 20th century. Poulenc went on his first tour to Great Britain with Bernac in 1938. Figure humaine (performed 1945), a cantata based on poems by Éluard, voiced the spirit of the resistance and was secretly printed during the Nazi occupation. Other widely performed works by Poulenc were the Sextet for piano and wind quintet (1930–32), Organ Concerto (1938), and Oboe Sonata (1962). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In 1945, he visited England and completed an opéra bouffe called ‘Les mamelles de Tirésias’. French composer Francis Poulenc (1899-1963) Example: Clarinet Sonata (excerpt) 3’05” Francis Poulenc is one of the best- known French composers of the Modern period. 9. One of his major works was ‘Aubade’, a choreographic concerto for piano and 18 instruments. Francis Poulenc was born to a well-to-do family in Paris on January 7, 1899. On 30 January 1963, Poulenc suffered a fatal heart attack and died in his home near Jardin du Luxembourg. Francis began learning piano from his mother in January 1904 while also deriving considerable artistic stimulus by eavesdropping on his mother’s chats with her brother Marcel Royal. His second lover was a bisexual man called Raymond Destouches, whom he met in the early 1930s. He served as a typist for the air force before he was released in January 1921. Search for Francis Poulenc on your computer and the topic that turns up most often is Les Six.Poulenc was a member of this influential group of young avant garde composers that flourished in the artistic hothouse that was Paris after World War I. Paris in those years was the city of Picasso, Stravinsky, Serge Diaghilev and James Joyce. La voix humaine (English: The Human Voice) is a forty-minute, one-act opera for soprano and orchestra composed by Francis Poulenc in 1958. Francis Poulenc, Marcel Moyse, Roland Lamorlette, Louis Cahuzac, Gustave Dhérin, R. Blot . Died: January 30, 1963 - Paris, France. He not only converted poems by Aragon and Éluard into music, but also used tunes from anti German songs like ‘Vous n'aurez pas l'Alsace et la Lorraine’ in his own compositions. ‘Les Six’ was formally launched in January 1920. All of them had tremendous influence on his creativity; but according Poulenc, Satie’s influence on him was “immediate and wide”. It was based on a play written by Guillaume Apollinaire and was premiered in Paris on 3 June 1947. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Since both his parents were passionate about music, musical soirees were a regular occurrence at their home. ‘Figure humaine’, a cantata written in 1943, is one of his major works of this period. He was famous for being a Composer. She was a gifted amateur pianist who idolized Mozart, Schubert and Chopin. Poulenc started writing ‘Concert champêtre’ in 1927 at the request of harpsichordist Wanda Landowska, whom he knew since 1923. His Concert champêtre for harpsichord (or piano) and orchestra (1928) was written at the suggestion of harpsichordist Wanda Landowska. Francis Poulenc (Composer) Born: January 7, 1899 - Paris, France. George R. Keck traces events in Poulenc's life and offers a list of works and performances with the primary focus on those facts … In 1937, he wrote his first major liturgical work ‘Mass in G major for soprano and mixed choir a cappella’. Cherished as a masterpiece by critics, the composition is believed to be his best work. Sometime between 1914 and 1918, he met avant-garde poets like Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Paul Éluard, Louis Aragon; and composers like Georges Auric, Erik Satie and Darius Milhaud. The duo remained close friends until Poulenc’s death. The period between 1914 and 1918 was very tough for Poulenc, as he lost his mother in 1915 and father in 1917. Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc was born on 7 January 1899 in Paris. Who is Francis Poulenc Dating? As a homosexual musician, he was in a vulnerable position; and yet, he showed his defiance to the German occupation through his music. Francis Poulenc was widely known as a homosexual. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Poulenc#/media/File:Poulenc-1922.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Francis_Poulenc#/media/File:Francis_Poulenc_%26_Wanda_Landowska.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Francis_Poulenc#/media/File:Francis_Poulenc_and_Wanda_Landowska_(cropped).jpg. His first serious relationship was with painter Richard Chanlaire, to whom he wrote on his Concert champêtre score: "You have changed my life, you are the sunshine of my thirty years, a reason for living & working". While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. His father Émile Poulenc was a Roman Catholic from Espalion. In 1930, Francis Poulenc returned to writing music. However, his style changed remarkably. In Poulenc's view, the two sides of his nature grew ou… Intoxicated by the music he had just heard, he started pestering his teacher to let him play more of Debussy, unaware of the fact that they were much too difficult for him. Poulenc’s teacher in the 1910s was the pianist Ricardo Viñes, renowned as a champion of the music of Debussy and Ravel. Francis Poulenc (1899–1963) first sprang to the attention of Parisian musical circles as a member of ‘Les Six’, so named by the critic Henri Collet. In 1934 Poulenc appeared as piano accompanist to the baritone Pierre Bernac in the first of many recitals over several years, an experience that deepened his understanding of the song as an art form. Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc was a noted French composer and pianist who was known for his mélodies, operas, choral pieces, piano works and ballets. During the 1930s Poulenc wrote many religious works, including Litanies à la Vierge Noire de Rocomadour (1936), Mass in G Major (1937), and Stabat Mater (1951). Francis Poulenc's measurements, clothes & shoes size is being updated soon or you can click edit button to update Francis Poulenc's height and other parameters. Poulenc’s mother Jenny née Royer came from a long line of Parisian craftsmen and naturally had an artistic inclination. The same year saw him writing three more songs; 'Trois poèmes de Louise Lalanne', 'Quatre poèmes de Guillaume Apollinaire' and 'Cinq poèmes de Max Jacob'. The other unique source is Poulenc’s diary (JdmM), in which one can find data on the origins of the songs, interesting facts, technical and performance advice, and private reflections. Like many of his keyboard works, it mingles the light, urbane character of 18th-century French keyboard music with 20th-century harmonies. He was a member of a pious Roman Catholic family from Espalion in the département of Aveyron. Concurrently, he continued to write music, completing ‘Dialogues des Carmélite’ in 1956. Based on a verse entitled ‘Les Poésies de Makoko Kangourou’, his work was an immediate success on its premier night on 11 December 1917. He was born in France towards the end of the 19th century into a well-to-do family. The FP numbers are taken from The Music of Francis Poulenc: A Catalogue (1995) by Carl B Schmidt. His last works are thought to be 'Sonate pour hautbois et piano de Poulenc' (Oboe Sonata) and 'Sonate pour clarinette et piano' (Clarinet Sonata), both written in 1962. In 1914, while continuing his studies at Lycée Condorcet, Poulenc began to take piano lessons from Ricardo Viñes, studying under him until 1918. In the CD companion booklet to The Complete Songs as published by Hyperion, Graham Johnson provides a detailed study of Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (1899–1963) French composer & pianist. Francis Poulenc, (born Jan. 7, 1899, Paris, France—died Jan. 30, 1963, Paris), composer who made an important contribution to French music in the decades after World War I and whose songs are considered among the best composed during the 20th century. He was one of the group of six composers who became known as Les Six. In 1910, when he was 11 years old, his uncle Marcel Royer took him to see Stravinsky's ‘Petrushka’ and ‘The Rite of Spring’, which impressed him greatly. In the early 1920s, Poulenc’s fame, both as a composer and performer, began to spread beyond France, especially in England. The piece, played by Reginald Kell and Gilbert Vinter, was broadcast by BBC. Meanwhile in 1923, he was commissioned by Serge Diaghilev, the founder-director of Ballets Russell, to write a full-length ballet score. His mother, an amateur pianist, taught him to play, and music formed a part of family life. The relation between them was rather complex, with paternal feelings being part of the equation. Mention the name Francis Poulenc and the image of a musical wiseacre is summoned up. Francis Poulenc was born on the 7th of January, 1899. Poulenc was largely self-taught. Jenny Poulenc was from a Parisian family with wide artistic interests. He was buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery, where his grave continues to be an attraction for the music lovers. His mother was a fine pianist, and Francis began lessons at the age of 5. He went on his first tour to the USA in 1948 and continued returning to that country until 1961. The affair that lasted for six years ended in 1955, throwing Poulenc into a nervous breakdown. His songs, which range from parody to tragedy, are admired for their lyricism and for their sensitive integration of vocal line and accompaniment. Until then, his interest in music was mainly amateurish. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. As per our current Database, Francis Poulenc has been died on Jan 30, 1963 ( age 64). In the late 1940s, he had a new partner, a travelling salesman named Lucien Roubert. His mother, Jenny Royer, is from a family of artisans whose Parisian roots date back several generations. Born: Jan 7, 1899 Died: Jan 30, 1963 Five facts: • Poulenc was born into a rich family of pharmaceutical manufacturers. Francis Poulenc height 3 Feet 9 Inches (Approx) & weight 335 lbs (151.9 kg) (Approx.). Francis Poulenc was born in Paris to a family that was artistic, musical, and affluent. His father, Emile Poulenc, born in 1855, is an industrialist from the Aveyron region who, with his two brothers, runs a chemical factory. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. He died at the age of 63, leaving a rich legacy behind him. His opera Les dialogues des Carmélites (1953–56, libretto by Georges Bernanos) is considered one of the finest operas of the 20th century. Thereafter, Poulenc met Louis Gautier, who helped him revive his spirits. Poulenc started performing regularly with Pierre Bernac in 1936. Concurrently, he also continued to write light musical pieces like ‘Tel jour, telle nuit’, a song cycle based on the poems of the surrealist poet Paul Éluard. Although he monetarily supported Marie-Ange and made her the principal beneficiary of his will, he never revealed his paternity to her, preferring to be known as her godfather. As a child he learned music from other members of his wealthy family. Published: 1945 (age 45-46) Revised: 1939 (age 39-40) Dedication: à Georges Salles. Versatile composer whose works included art song, solo piano, chamber, oratorio, choral, opera, ballet, and orchestral. Francis Poulenc (7 January 1899 in Paris – 30 January 1963 in Paris) was a French composer. Francis Poulenc's height is Unknown & weight is Not Available now. In 1920 the critic Henri Collet grouped Poulenc with five other young French composers, calling them “Les Six.” The others were Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Georges Auric, Germaine Tailleferre, and Louis Durey; although they reacted in the same way to the emotionalism of 19th-century Romantic music and the Impressionism of Claude Debussy, they were in fact united by friendship more than by aesthetic ideals. He wrote a few more pieces; but they got either lost or destroyed. Composed in 1929 as a ballet, it was also premiered as a ballet on June 18. 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