(2005). National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Environmental toxicants and fetal development, "Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Canadian guidelines for diagnosis", "Neurobehavioural outcomes of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A Canadian perspective", "Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in 4 US Communities", "Hospitalizations and mortality among patients with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a prospective study", "Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: an overview", "FASD Fact #1: FASD = Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder", "Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure", "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) conditions and interventions", Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services, "Epidemiology of substance use in reproductive-age women", "A 2005 Message to Women from the U.S. [22] In South Africa, some populations have rates as high as 9%. This syndrome is the leading avoidable cause of abnormality and developmental specials needs in newborns. Post 9/11, so much has changed in New York that it does not give you that homely feeling which it did before. A group of conditions, known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), includes the following symptoms: Abnormal facial features. [20] PFAE and ARBD have fallen out of favor because these anomalies are not necessarily specific to maternal alcohol consumption and are not criteria for diagnosis of FASD.[60]. In Aldous Huxley's 1932 novel Brave New World (where all fetuses are gestated in vitro in a factory), lower caste fetuses are created by receiving alcohol transfusions (Bokanovsky Process) to reduce intelligence and height, thus conditioning them for simple, menial tasks. [18] Diagnosis is based on the signs and symptoms in the person. The Canadian guidelines also use this diagnosis and the same criteria. In response to the Greta Thunberg Fetal Alcohol Syndrome meme (link in the comments), I made this to show how easy it is to photoshop someone so that . (2005). The proposed framework attempts to harmonize IOM, 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, CDC, and Canadian guidelines for measuring CNS damage vis--vis FASD evaluations and diagnosis. [citation needed], The following criteria must be fully met for a diagnosis of Partial FAS:[2][20][27], Fetal alcohol effects (FAE) is a previous term for alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder and alcohol-related birth defects. The lip and philtrum are measured by a trained physician with the Lip-Philtrum Guide,[36] a five-point Likert scale with representative photographs of lip and philtrum combinations ranging from normal (ranked 1) to severe (ranked 5). Washington State Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Interagency Work Group (FASD IAWG) In 1995 the Washington State Legislature unanimously passed Substitute Senate Bill 5688. resulting in RCW 70.96A.500 Fetal Alcohol Screening and Assessment Services.This legislation directed the Department of Social and Health Services (), Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (), the Department of . Streissguth, A.P. Daniel Radcliffe. Singer Demi Lovato has openly discussed her challenges with substance abuse, recently experiencing an overdose. Daniel Radcliffe. The concept Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) refers to a set of birth defects that occur in children born to mothers who abused alcohol during pregnancy.The alcohol-induced defects include pre- and post-natal growth deficiencies, minor facial abnormalities, and damage to the developing central nervous system (CNS). However, prenatal alcohol exposure and central nervous system damage are the critical elements of the spectrum of FASD, and a positive finding in these two features is sufficient for an FASD diagnosis that is not "full-blown FAS". A determination of a neurological problem must be made by a trained physician, and must not be due to a postnatal insult, such as meningitis, concussion, traumatic brain injury, etc. FASD is estimated to affect between 2% and 5% of people in the United States and Western Europe. 18. Stay Connected With All About The Tea:TwitterInstagramYouTube Facebook Send Us Tips. The method originated with Dr. Fritz Fuchs, the chairman of the department of obstetrics and gynecology at Cornell University Medical College. It happens because the pregnant mother drinks too much alcohol. Using medical and other records, CDC studies have identified about 1 infant with FAS for every 1,000 live births in certain areas of the United States. (2002). Lynette Rice is the former editor at large at Entertainment Weekly. [85] In Victoria, there have been no registered FASD related births for indigenous Australians, but the rate for the general population in Victoria is 0.010.03 per 1000 births. It behooves both bride and bridegroom to be sober in order to ensure, as far as possible, in every case that the child that is begotten may be sprung from the loins of sober parents." [76], Treating FAS at the public health and public policy level promotes FAS prevention and diversion of public resources to assist those with FAS. [56] Prenatal alcohol exposure risk may be assessed by a qualified physician, psychologist, social worker, or chemical health counselor. The placenta allows free entry of ethanol and toxic metabolites like acetaldehyde into the fetal compartment. The infant died ten days after birth. [10], FASDs encompass a range of physical and neurodevelopmental problems that can result from prenatal alcohol exposure. In 1725, British physicians petitioned the House of Commons on the effects of strong drink when consumed by pregnant women saying that such drinking is "too often the cause of weak, feeble, and distempered children, who must be, instead of an advantage and strength, a charge to their country". The primary disabilities of FAS are the functional difficulties with which the child is born as a result of CNS damage due to prenatal alcohol exposure.[78]. Keith Urban. More specifically, fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most involved diagnosis, used when several physical and developmental disabilities are present (see Facts about FASDs). [97], Prior to fetal alcohol syndrome being specifically identified and named in 1973, only a few studies had noted differences between the children of mothers who used alcohol during pregnancy or breast-feeding and those who did not, and identified alcohol use as a possible contributing factor rather than heredity. 8. The rest of the documentary features interviews with Crosby's second family including wife Kathryn and their daughter, Dallas actress Mary Crosby and focuses on the singer's many contributions to the business, like how he revolutionized radio when he began taping his popular radio shows. FAS, which comes with subtle facial characteristics, is a subgroupalthough not necessarily a more severe diagnosisof the all-encompassing . It might also lead to physical issues in the fetus because of the fetus' inability to break down alcohol. [103] He reasoned that doing so would encourage prevention, believing that if people knew maternal alcohol consumption caused the syndrome, then abstinence during pregnancy would follow from patient education and public awareness. [20] The Canadian guidelines recommend the assessment and descriptive approach of the "4-Digit Diagnostic Code" for each key feature of FASD and the terminology of the IOM in diagnostic categories, excepting ARBD. The four diagnostic systems list various CNS domains that can qualify for functional impairment that can determine an FASD diagnosis: Other conditions may commonly co-occur with FAS, stemming from prenatal alcohol exposure. [102], Within nine years of the Washington discovery, animal studies, including non-human monkey studies carried out at the University of Washington Primate Center by Dr. Sterling Clarren, had confirmed that alcohol was a teratogen. You notice the time, 11:20, as you have been studying at the time and he spoke to you on the phone. She and Crosby had four sons, two of whom were twins named Dennis and Phillip, who experts believe suffered from their mother's heavy drinking. Early diagnosis, early job skills training and sheltered living situations are needed for patients with FAS to prevent the onset of secondary psychopathology. Mental health problems, alcoholism and drug abuse, antisocial behaviors, and repeated pregnancies (for the woman) were common problems. (1998). The latter interferes with proliferation, differentiation, neuronal migration, axonic outgrowth, integration, and fine-tuning of the synaptic network. Alcohol is a teratogen (causes birth defects) and there is no known safe amount of alcohol to consume while pregnant and there is no known safe time during pregnancy to consume alcohol to prevent birth defects such as FASD. [86] Passive surveillance is a prevention technique used within Australia to assist in monitoring and establishing detectable defects during pregnancy and childhood. There is no consensus on a specific pattern of functional impairments due to prenatal alcohol exposure[20] and only CDC guidelines label developmental delays as such,[30] so criteria (and FASD diagnoses) vary somewhat across diagnostic systems. [94] This contradicted the predominating belief at the time that heredity caused intellectual disability, poverty, and criminal behavior, which contemporary studies on the subjects usually concluded. Prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in a population-based sample of children living in remote Australia: the Lililwan . Disgraced former Southern Charm star Thomas Ravenel claimed that Kathryn Dennis gave their son fetal alcohol syndrome. [19][20][21] Although the condition is permanent, treatment can improve outcomes. Some Risk: Confirmed use of alcohol during pregnancy with use less than High Risk or unknown usage patterns. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, or FASD, covers a range of impairments from severe, such as Karli's fetal alcohol syndrome, to mild. FAS facial features (and most other visible, but non-diagnostic, deformities) are believed to be caused mainly during the 10th to 20th week of gestation.[33]. Fans of Southern Charm know about Kathryn Dennis and Thomas Ravenel's troubled past. [27][30], Evidence is insufficient for the use of chemical biomarkers to detect prenatal alcohol exposure. Kim Kardashian Doja Cat Iggy Azalea Anya Taylor-Joy Jamie Lee Curtis Natalie Portman Henry Cavill Millie Bobby Brown Tom Hiddleston Keanu Reeves. "I couldn't find anything where he blamed her," Trachtenberg says. Probable: Significant dysfunction of two standard deviations or worse in three or more functional domains. After being escorted home, Saint snuck out of the house a second time. ET on PBS as part of the American Masters series sheds fresh light on Crosby's first family with Dixie Lee, a shy actress who drank herself to oblivion before succumbing to ovarian cancer in 1952 at the age of 41. Partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS) refers to individuals with a known, or highly suspected, history of prenatal alcohol exposure who have alcohol-related physical and neurodevelopmental deficits that do not meet the full criteria for FAS. [60] It is related to the advocacy model but promoted at a systems level (rather than with the individual or family), such as developing community education and supports, state or province level prevention efforts (e.g., screening for maternal alcohol use during OB/GYN or prenatal medical care visits), or national awareness programs. Mental and physical defects such as a small head, flat face, epicanth. [citation needed], Evidence of a CNS structural impairment due to prenatal alcohol exposure will result in a diagnosis of FAS, and neurological and functional impairments are highly likely. [84] In Western Australia, the rate of births resulting in FASD is 0.02 per 1,000 births for non-Indigenous Australians, however among indigenous births the rate is 2.76 per 1,000 births. Haggard, H. W., & Jellinek, E. M. (1942). A thirty year journey from tragedy to hope. Early intervention from birth to age 3 has been shown to improve the development of a child born with FASD. [56], The proposed Ten Brain Domains include:[56], The Fetal Alcohol Diagnostic Program (FADP) uses unpublished Minnesota state criteria of performance at 1.5 or more standard deviations on standardized testing in three or more of the Ten Brain Domains to determine CNS damage. (2002). Possible: Mild to moderate dysfunction of two standard deviations or worse in one or two functional domains, Evidence of a complex pattern of behavior or cognitive abnormalities inconsistent with developmental level in the following CNS domains Sufficient for a pFAS or ARND diagnosis using IOM guidelines, Performance at or below the 16th percentile on. No Risk: Confirmed absence of prenatal alcohol exposure. Watch an exclusive outtake from Bing Crosby Rediscovered above. [13], These conditions believed to be related to prenatal alcohol exposure, such as spontaneous abortion and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), are also considered to be on the spectrum of related disorders. South Carolina court records, show that Thomas Ravenelclaimed Saint was formerly diagnosed with FAS due to Kathryns excessive drug and alcohol consumption while he was in utero. Thomas says that Saint took speech and occupational therapy for years to help combat his delays, but he is still falling behind at school., At Saints school, his teacher created Mom and Dadfolders filled with worksheets to be completed daily in an effort to catch Saint up to his peers. Streissguth, A.P., Barr, H.M., Kogan, J., & Bookstein, F.L. The document also state, that Saintwas seen unattended (more than once) wandering the streets and had to be escorted back to his mothers home by bystanders. As, ONTD Original: Five celebrities who drank or smoked while pregnant. [76], The US Centers for Disease Control estimates 3 million women in the United States are at risk of having a baby with FASD, and recommended that women of child-bearing age should be on birth control or abstain from drinking alcohol as the safest way to avoid this.[77]. [4] For this reason, medical authorities recommend that women completely avoid drinking alcohol during pregnancy and while trying to conceive. Latimer J, et al. Other conditions within this range are: Alcohol-related birth defects (ARBDs). Over time, an unaffected child can negotiate the increasing demands of life by progressing through stages of development normally, but not so for a child with FAS. In Gaelic Scotland, the mother and nurse were not allowed to consume ale during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Getty Images. Court documents reveal Kathryn Dennis' drug and alcohol abuse caused her son's Fetal Alcohol Syndrome diagnosis. [60] ARND may be gaining acceptance over the terms FAE and ARBD to describe FASD conditions with central nervous system abnormalities or behavioral or cognitive abnormalities or both due to prenatal alcohol exposure without regard to growth deficiency or FAS facial features. #2 Individuals with FAS may have problems with their hearing, memory, vision, attention span, and capabilities to communicate . Canadian guidelines discuss this lack of clarity and parenthetically point out that "heavy alcohol use" is defined by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism as five or more drinks per episode on five or more days during a 30-day period. delayed development and problems in thinking, speech, movement, and social skills. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is caused by a woman consuming alcohol while pregnant. In Kathryn Dennis court response, she didnt address Thomas claims of Saint having FAS nor did she comment on not completing his worksheets. It operationalizes high risk exposure as a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) greater than 100mg/dL delivered at least weekly in early pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a group of abnormalities that occur in babies born to mothers who consume alcohol during pregnancy. There is no cure for FASD and its effects last a lifetime. The document states. These professionals work together as a team to assess and interpret data of each key feature for assessment and develop an integrative, multi-disciplinary report to diagnose FAS (or other FASD conditions) in an individual. Bing Crosby's Former California Estate Is for Sale for $13.8 Million See Inside! This alcohol exposure can result in brain damage and growth problems in the fetus. Copyright 2015 The Mag Theme. The framework provides clear definitions of brain dysfunction, specifies empirical data needed for accurate diagnosis, and defines intervention considerations that address the complex nature of FASD with the intention to avoid common secondary disabilities. [59], Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) was initially suggested by the Institute of Medicine to replace the term FAE and focus on central nervous system damage, rather than growth deficiency or FAS facial features. In the general population, estimates vary from 0.7 cases per 1,000 to 1.0 cases per 1,000 live births with higher rates (e.g., 3 per 1,000 live births) among American Indian and Alaska natives. FASD is an umbrella term for a range of physical, cognitive, and behavioral disorders caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. Exposure level is assessed as confirmed exposure, unknown exposure, and confirmed absence of exposure by the IOM, CDC and Canadian diagnostic systems. [63][66], A recent effort to standardize assessment of functional CNS damage has been suggested by an experienced FASD diagnostic team in Minnesota. [20][39] While functional abnormalities are the behavioral and cognitive expressions of the FASD disability, CNS damage can be assessed in three areas: structural, neurological, and functional impairments. So to add insult to injury, you have this situation [with the twins] on the one hand and then she dies on the other. Thomas Ravenel Seeking SOLE Custody Amid Drug Crisis! [65] Biomarkers being studied include fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) detected in the meconium (first feces of an infant) and hair. A person with FASD can get help with their learning and behaviour to maximise their independence and achievements. [2][20][27][30] Functional impairments are deficits, problems, delays, or abnormalities due to prenatal alcohol exposure (rather than hereditary causes or postnatal insults) in observable and measurable domains related to daily functioning, often referred to as developmental disabilities. [60] Advocacy activities are conducted by an advocate (for example, a family member, friend, or case manager) and fall into three basic categories. As AllAboutTheTea.com exclusively reported, Thomas is now fighting for sole custody of Saint and their 6-year-old daughter,Kensington. [1][2] Those affected are more likely to have trouble with school, the legal system, alcohol, other drugs, and other areas of high risk. [20] The "4-Digit Diagnostic Code" and CDC guidelines allow for a positive CNS finding in any of the three areas for any FASD diagnosis, but functional anomalies must measure at two standard deviations or worse in three or more functional domains for a diagnosis of FAS, PFAS, and ARND. [103] [101] The Washington and Nantes findings were confirmed by a research group in Gothenburg, Sweden in 1979. [10] The lifetime cost per child with FAS in the United States was estimated at $2 million (for an overall cost across the country of over $4 billion) by the CDC in 2002. Answer (1 of 10): As a fellow aspie, she definitely has many of the traits. Born and formed in New Orleans, LA, Ashlee is an absolute music junkie and self-proclaimed foodie who loves all things music, entertainment, and culture. [24], Some accept only FAS as a diagnosis, seeing the evidence as inconclusive with respect to other types. News of the discovery shocked some, while others were skeptical of the findings. But, with treatment, Urban has achieved sobriety. [66] In the United States, federal legislation has required that warning labels be placed on all alcoholic beverage containers since 1988 under the Alcoholic Beverage Labeling Act. [30] In these cases, all diagnostic systems use an unknown prenatal alcohol exposure designation. Above all, Lovato will stay in rehab until the end of 2018. We could have done a whole other film just about that.". A positive finding on all four features is required for a diagnosis of FAS. It's not clear whether Crosby ever suspected that his first wife's drinking had an adverse affect on their twins, Trachtenberg admits. Central nervous system damage: Clinically significant structural neurological, Prenatal alcohol exposure: Confirmed or Unknown prenatal alcohol exposure, Growth deficiency: Growth or height may range from normal to deficient, FAS facial features: Two or three FAS facial features present. Celebrity. The secondary disabilities of FAS are those that arise later in life secondary to CNS damage. This means that while Kathryn was pregnant -- she allegedly drank so excessively that it causes delays in her son's development. [citation needed]. Mild: Either height or weight or both between the 3rd and 10th percentiles. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Signs and symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome may include any mix of physical defects, intellectual or cognitive disabilities, and problems functioning and coping with daily life. An advocate for FAS: (1) interprets FAS and the disabilities that arise from it and explains it to the environment in which the person operates, (2) engenders change or accommodation on behalf of the person, and (3) assists the person in developing and reaching attainable goals. [28] Prenatal or postnatal presentation of growth deficits can occur, but are most often postnatal. Conceiving risk, bearing responsibility: Fetal alcohol syndrome & the diagnosis of moral disorder. At the age of 19, he disclosed this to the Daily Mail, a well-known tabloid newspaper in Britain, along with the news . Fetal Exposure and the Brain-A Commentary by NIAAA Director Enoch Gordis, M.D. However, several organizations devoted to FAS also use the advocacy model at a community practice level as well. Severe: Height and weight at or below the 3rd percentile. Group of conditions resulting from maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, "FASD" redirects here. Prenatal alcohol exposure is determined by interview of the biological mother or other family members knowledgeable of the mother's alcohol use during the pregnancy (if available), prenatal health records (if available), and review of available birth records, court records (if applicable), chemical dependency treatment records (if applicable), chemical biomarkers,[63] or other reliable sources. A holiday encore is planned for Dec. 26 at 9 p.m. Olivia Munn and John Mulaney's Relationship Timeline. [61] Along with ordinary parenting styles, such strategies are frequently used by default for treating those with FAS, as the diagnoses oppositional defiance disorder (ODD), conduct disorder, reactive attachment disorder (RAD) often overlap with FAS (along with ADHD), and these are sometimes thought to benefit from behavioral interventions. FAS is the most serious condition physicians group under the heading of Fetal . Acetaldehyde, the main ethanol metabolite, can compete with retinaldehyde and prevent its oxidation to retinoic acid.[55]. [23] The term fetal alcohol syndrome was first used in 1973. Bernie Sanders is an American politician and activist who has served as Vermont's junior senator since 2007. [71] In addition, special care should be taken when considering statistics on this disease, as prevalence and causation is often linked with FASD, which is more common and causes less harm, as opposed to FAS. [70], There is some controversy surrounding the "zero-tolerance" approach taken by many countries when it comes to alcohol consumption during pregnancy. A working knowledge of the key features is helpful in understanding FASD diagnoses and conditions, and each is reviewed with attention to similarities and differences across the four diagnostic systems. Bernie Sanders. Theme by MVP Themes, powered by Wordpress. He also had a difficult relapse shortly after his marriage to the actress. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe collection of alcohol-related birth defects, and is defined by pre- and post-natal growth retardation . Notice social and behavior issues. However, these other FASD conditions may create disabilities similar to FAS if the key area of central nervous system damage shows clinical deficits in two or more of ten domains of brain functioning. Before he was diagnosed, he struggled and had been misdiagnosed with attention-deficit . Between 2017 and 2019 researchers made a breakthrough when they discovered a possible cure using neural stem cells (NSCs);[73] they propose that if applied to a newborn, the damage can be reversed and prevent any lasting effects in the future. Most people with an FASD have most often been misdiagnosed with ADHD due to the large overlap between their behavioral deficits. Clear conclusions with universal validity are difficult to draw, since different ethnic groups show considerable genetic polymorphism for the hepatic enzymes responsible for ethanol detoxification. The study found . When Joaquin Phoenix first appeared in film and television, one of the first observances made is certain facial deformities. Psychoactive drugs are frequently tried on those with FASD as many FASD symptoms are mistaken for or overlap with other disorders, most notably ADHD. Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND). Thomas also provided an email update from Saints teacher, stating that the 5-year-old is such a sweet boy and a joy to have in class.. [41], As of 2002, there were 25 reports of autopsies on infants known to have FAS. [60] A case study by Henry H. Goddard of the Kallikak familypopular in the early 1900srepresents this earlier perspective,[95] though later researchers have suggested that the Kallikaks almost certainly had FAS. Celebrity. It is the most common known non-genetic (in other words, non-inherited) cause of mental retardation in the United States. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. Some of the risks associated with smoking and drinking while pregnant include miscarriage, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, preterm birth, stillbirth, fetal alcohol syndrome, and many other birth defects. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Quotes & Sayings Happy to read and share the best inspirational Fetal Alcohol Syndrome quotes, sayings and quotations on Wise Famous Quotes. Weobtained a copy of the proposed custody changes and the document states that an eyewitness observed Kathryn Dennis snorting cocaine in the presence of her kids, at her home. [78], Six main secondary disabilities were identified in a University of Washington research study of 473 subjects diagnosed with FAS, PFAS (partial fetal alcohol syndrome), and ARND (alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder):[60][78], Two additional secondary disabilities exist for adults:[60][78], Eight factors were identified in the same study as universal protective factors that reduced the incidence rate of the secondary disabilities:[60][78], Malbin (2002) has identified the following areas of interests and talents as strengths that often stand out for those with FASD and should be utilized, like any strength, in treatment planning:[61]. The effects of FAS include mental retardation, malformations of the skeletal system and major organ systems (specifically the heart and brain), inhibited growth, central . Reese Witherspoon. [6] With the average life span of 34 years old, a study found that 44% of the deaths were of "external cause", with 15% of deaths being suicides. When they re born [with fetal alcohol syndrome], it affects their skull and their nose, and it manifests itself physically as well. [60], Fetal alcohol syndrome was named in 1973 by two dysmorphologists, Drs. Kathryn, Bing's second wife, says in the film it was a terrible way to die. King, T. L., & Brucker, M. C. (2011). One of the more vocal celebrities about having Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is actor Jim Carrey. 10. (2015). The severity of the condition can vary with a range of complications. Pharmacology for women's health. However, the Ten Brain Domains are easily incorporated into any of the four diagnostic systems' CNS damage criteria, as the framework only proposes the domains, rather than the cut-off criteria for FASD. In the context of FASD, neurological impairments are caused by prenatal alcohol exposure which causes general neurological damage to the central nervous system (CNS), the peripheral nervous system, or the autonomic nervous system. Stock Images, Photos, Vectors, Video, and Music | Shutterstock Admonitions against prenatal alcohol use from ancient Greek, Roman, Talmudic, and possibly Biblical sources[90] indicate a historical awareness of links between alcohol use and fetal development, although sources rarely if ever distinguish maternal alcohol consumption from paternal.

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celebrity with fetal alcohol syndrome